The History Of Trampolining
By Rob Walker
Extracted from Bounce 2000 information booklet
has been said that the Eskimos, who used to toss each other up into the
air on a Walrus skin, did the first type of trampolining.
Something like the sheet used by firemen to catch people jumping
out of the windows of houses, which were on fire.
In Anchorage airport, Alaska, there are postcards depicting the
Eskimos being tossed up in a Walrus skin.
trampoline itself, according to circus lore, was first developed by an
artist called Du Trampolin who saw the possibility of using the trapeze
safety net as a form of propulsion and landing device and experimented
with different systems of suspension, eventually reducing the net to a
practical size for a separate performance.
|World War II|
World War II, the United States Navy Flight School developed the use of
the trampoline in its training of pilots and navigators, giving them
concentrated practice in orientation such as had never been possible
before. After the war, the development of the Space Flight programme again
brought the trampoline into use to help train both American and Soviet
Astronauts, giving them experience of variable body positions in flight.
the USA it was quickly realised by the Physical Educators that the
trampoline had something new to offer by observation of the physical
benefits, which trampolining had produced during the war years and also
the enthusiasm of those who participated, and trampolining was introduced
into school physical education programmes.
first competitions were held in colleges and schools in the USA and then
in Europe, with the first World Championships being held in London in
1964. Kurt Baechler of Switzerland and Ted Blake of England were the
European pioneers and the first ever-televised National Championships were
in England in 1958.
after the first World Championships, the inaugural meeting of prominent
trampolinists was held in Frankfurt to explore the formation of an
International Trampoline Federation.
In 1965 in Twickenham, the Federation was formally recognised as
the International Governing Body for the sport.
By 1969 the first European Championship was held in Paris and Paul
Luxon of London was the winner at the age of 18.
The ladies winner was Ute Czech from Germany.
From that time onwards, European and World Championships have taken
place in alternate years - the European in the odd and the World in the